Type 2 Diabetes v/s Type 1 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes v/s Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes
Etiology and Pathophysiology of Diabetes A genetic disorder that often shows up early in life. The Immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas rendering the body unable to produce insulin. A lifestyle disease develops over time usually after 45 years of age. The body is incapable of making adequate insulin or the insulin produced fails to function suitably, may be prescribed insulin if there is a need later. Family history, unhealthy body weight and ethnicity are some of the risk factors.
Managing Diabetes Blood sugar fluctuations to be avoided by taking insulin. Taking medication, lifestyle changes like physical activity and consuming a balanced diet.
Cure and Prevention Currently, no cure is available for type 1 but research is going on. Cannot be cured, research is going on, and can be controlled and put into remission.
Possible Risks and Complications
  • If blood glucose fluctuations are neglected it affects many organs in both types of diabetes
  • May lead to vision loss (diabetic retinopathy),
  • Kidney problems (diabetic nephropathy),
  • Decreased ability to feel (diabetic neuropathy)
  • Decreased ability to heal.
  • Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is exaggerated with co-existent hypertension.
Lifestyle changes and Precautions
  • Medications and/or insulin
  • Regular blood glucose monitoring,
  • Regular eye check-up, blood glucose (HbA1c) and all other blood tests for lipid profile, liver function etc, blood pressure, diabetic foot check-up
  • Maintaining healthy body weight (BMI 20 – 23)
  • Regular exercise, yoga and meditation for physical and mental well being.
  • Following strict Covid guidelines to prevent infection and complications.
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